What is Crochet and when was Crochet Invented
What is crochet?
Crocheting is the craft of creating fabric from yarn that has been looped into stitches.
Crochet is the process of constructing fabric by interlocking loops of yarn, using a crochet hook. It can make thick or thin pieces, which can be sturdy or delicate. Crochet creates a dense but elastic fabric with a lot of “give,” and can be used to make anything from blankets to fine lace shawls.
When was crochet invented?
The word “crochet” derives from an Old French word for small hook (crochet). The earliest documentation of crocheted fabric comes from drawings in 17th-century France that show geometric patterns made with bobbins and pins. Crocheting is believed to have begun in the late 1700s or early 1800s. The earliest known published instructions for crochet are found in an Irish cottage industry marketing pamphlet from 1823. The first British publication was a pamphlet, “The Ladies’ Guide”, published sometime between 1831 and 1842, which featured basic stitches and methods.
Dictionary of Needlework author Harriet Powers also published a book of crochet patterns in Boston, Mass., in 1860. Although both publications list different stitch instructions and use different terms than are commonly used today (e.g., Irish crochet vs American crochet), they are considered the first books to focus on crochet technique rather than patterns for finished pieces. In 1867, American crochet expert and artist Amelia Simmons published her book “American Crochet Book”, her first book to offer instructions.
Crocheting is done by looping yarn around a hook and pulling the loops through each stitch from left to right, then repeating on every other row or round. It is a form of knitting. The stitches are not added in a series, but one at a time so as to make up the fabric piece. When completed, the piece is turned inside out (the wrong-side-out direction). This is called “right side turning.
What do you call someone who crochets?
It is a term of endearment, primarily used by mothers and grandmothers as a compliment to someone who is “talented” in the craft, while it can be used by others to describe an individual as being skilled in the practice of a skill. It is also used as an adjective: for example, to say that you are “a proper crocheter”.
How to crochet and how does crochet work?
Crocheting is a very ancient traditional craft, used by generations of women for centuries. Today, it is recognized as an art form and is recorded in many books and on the Internet. It is considered to be one of the finest skills to learn if you are interested in creating fine articles of clothing. It can be practiced as an indoor hobby or as a primary or secondary income for many people, all over the world.
Crocheting can be done with yarns such as cotton, wool and synthetic fibers. Traditional crochet hooks have bent wire handles which are held between the thumb and index finger, but hooks with plastic handles and straight shanks (hooks without wires) are also available. crochet hooks are available in a wide range of sizes depending on the weight of yarn being used for pattern. In addition to brass and steel, hooks are also made with materials such as aluminum, nickel-plated steel and bamboo.
In both single crochet and double crochet, U.S. terminology requires counting the turning chain or starting chain as one stitch on each row when working flat panels (such as scarves), whereas British terminology does not count it unless it is turned on every row (as in hats). Without this distinction, the pattern would be lost. Increasing stitches must be done in multiples of two stitches. Other special types of stitch are discussed in the instructions.
The yarn is passed through the loops on the hook and worked into a chain stitch, which is clearly visible because it is almost circular. Other stitches that are used include double crochet (dc), half double crochet (hdc), single crochet (sc), Tunisian crochet (tch), cluster sc, front post dc, back post dc and slip stitch (see below). The front post and back post of a double crochet makes an “x” pattern on the fabric.
What is Tunisian crochet?
Tunisian crochet is a style of crocheting that uses a long hook and a unique stitch in which the hook itself serves as the “live” part of the stitch. Traditionally a narrow, flexible “pin hook” was used to create the stitches, but today most Tunisian is worked on an ordinary needle with an attached ball-end yarn. This modern technique has gained popularity.
Where is crochet most popular?
Crocheting is popular in many countries, including the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Sweden, and many parts of Eastern Europe. The history of this craft spans many centuries, and there are many variations in the region-specific styles.
In the United States, crochet has become popular among women as a form of fitness training and also as a basis for creative artwork. Crocheting competitions are held nationwide and over the Internet. For example, “March Madness” (a crocheting contest organized by Mill Hill Millinery) can be viewed live on the Internet from March through June every year.