Why Does Swiss Cheese Have Holes – Swiss Cheese Facts
Swiss cheese is a dairy product that features holes in it. These holes are called “eyes” and they are formed during the manufacturing process. Swiss cheese is made by coagulating milk using one of several methods, adding salt to the mix, and then letting the mixture coagulate for a period of time before pressing it into forms, draining or drying it, and cutting it into wheels or rounds. The pressure applied as part of this process causes the whey to be squeezed out of the curd particles which leads to gaps where air can get in – these gaps form as eyes on Swiss cheese. As the product ages, these gaps become larger and more numerous.
It seems that the holes in Swiss cheese are a result of human manufacturing processes but this is not the case. The reason Swiss cheese has holes is because it is made from unpasteurized milk which contains lactic acid-producing bacteria. These bacteria survive the processes of coagulating and pressing the curds into forms in order to give the product its characteristic holes as well as its tart flavor. There are other cheeses that feature eyes as part of their composition but none have pockets on such a large scale as Swiss cheese.
There are a number of other methods for preparing Swiss cheese although they produce similar results to those described above. For example, French pâté de foie gras is traditionally made by salting the liver of a duck or goose and then allowing it to dry out. The liver is ground into a paste which is then mixed with curd cheese and pressed. The result is called pâté de foie gras and it has eyes that are smaller than that of the Swiss variety.
Swiss Cheese Facts
Aristotle (384 BC – 322 BC) was considered the most famous cheese-maker in ancient Greece, a title he shared with his father Nicander who was an important cheesemaker in Corinth. Aristotle used goat’s milk for his cheese making. He wrote in his “History of Animals” that he congratulated his father on the success of his cheeses:
“If I lived in the age of Alexander, or when my father was making cheeses, this would be the greatest of all possible gifts to me. For now, since there are no living cheesemakers in Corinth, I can’t even get hold of the whey from those who made cheese before my father did.”
In modern Swiss cheese-making two basic types are used: cow’s milk and sheep’s milk. Sheep’s milk is considered a rarity because it is usually reserved for other products like ice cream or yogurt. Each type of cheese is also divided into categories depending on how the cheese was made. In order to be labeled “Swiss Cheese”, a product must come from Switzerland and be made with a specific recipe that includes cow’s milk.
The most popular variety of Swiss cheese is Emmental which has eyes that are larger than those found in other varieties. The holes in Emmental Swiss cheese were originally created unintentionally as a result of faulty equipment or human error but today they make it possible for consumers to identify the product as genuine Swiss fare rather than an imitation.
The history of Swiss cheese begins in England where it was first produced by accident. In the 18th century Swiss cheese was imported into France and England for a variety of uses however, the French did not want to pay the high cost of importing this product so they decided to make their own version of this cheese. This new type was called “Swiss Cheese” because it was made by Swiss farmers who had entered England illegally. These men were bribed to be spies for the French government by promises of salary increases and higher wages for themselves. Although Switzerland had previously invaded France and won several battles there, Switzerland had never taken over England which gave the Englishmen hope that they too could defend themselves against their enemies. The Swiss turned this hope into a national legend and referred to it as the Battle of the St. Bernard Pass which was won by a small group of Swiss soldiers led by William Tell. This legend was used by the French as an example of how French citizens were being treated unfairly by their government.
Variants of Swiss cheeses are found throughout Europe but not all contain holes in them. In fact, in Switzerland, there is another type called Emmentaler which does not contain eyes and has less flavor than other types. Emmentaler is not considered “Swiss Cheese” but rather “Swiss-style Cheese” because it is made outside of Switzerland without using traditional methods or recipes. Although this type has a slightly different flavor, it is still considered Swiss cheese by the Swiss. Emmentaler cheese is made from unpasteurized cow’s milk that is coagulated with an enzyme called rennet and then pressed. The curds are allowed to dry out and then salt is added to give it a longer shelf life as well as its characteristic holes.
Other varieties that are found in Switzerland include Raclette, a semi-soft cheese that is served after the meal, and Gruyère which is very rough and crumbly. Another variant of Swiss cheese is called Gruyère-style cheese which was produced by the Swiss cheese makers in Aosta, Italy. The Italian cheese makers wanted to make a version of Emmental that had the holes that were characteristic of their country but they ended up making a slightly different type of cheese instead. They added a mixture of cow’s milk and goat’s milk to curd Emmental and then they allowed the product to age for 60 days before pressing it.
There are many different ways that Swiss Cheese is made available to consumers around the world. The variety found in America includes Gruyère-style cheese which comes from Switzerland but was produced in Italy. American cheese is also made with various additives like artificial flavors or color, and some varieties are actually made from synthetic ingredients. Some American cheeses serve as a good alternative to real Swiss cheese while some Swiss cheeses can be found at American restaurants that serve foods typical of the country.
There are several different types of Swiss Cheese that are produced in Switzerland such as Emmental, Raclette, Gruyère and Gruyère-style cheese. There is also a type called Emmentaler which does not have eyes and is produced in Switzerland but was not made originally there. Swiss Cheese is made from cow’s milk and varieties are not pasteurized and do not contain preservatives. Swiss cheese can be served after a meal or with bread or fruit.
Swiss Cheese Varieties
The most popular variety of Swiss cheese is Raclette which comes in many shapes, colors and flavors. Raclette cheese originated in the French region of Alsace so the name originated with it. The first recipe for this type of cheese appeared c. 1660 when it was served between the two grilled rounds of bread that are traditionally used for raclette consumption.
Emmental is another popular type of Swiss cheese that originated in the town of Emmental in Switzerland. The town got its name from the cave that was used to store the cheese in order to prevent it from deteriorating. This particular cheese is very popular and a wide variety of varieties is produced. Gruyère originated in Switzerland and is another world-renowned variety of Swiss cheese that is produced in large quantities and exported globally.
Gruyère-style cheese is also a popular variety of Swiss cheese. This type of cheese is made in the United States from American cow’s milk and uses a blend of cultures that are typical for gruyère cheese. It also uses techniques that are common to the production of Swiss Gruyère type cheeses and it is often sold under the name Swiss Cheese.